PREMISES FOR A LIFE PHILOSOPHY


Natural laws apply equally to human behaviour as well as to our physical environment. These premises have proved to be helpful in understanding life and may be helpful to you as well. Rudolf Dreikurs was the founder and the medical director of the Community Child Guidance Centre of Chicago. He spent much of his life as a consultant in public schools explaining how his theories could be translated into practice for classroom management and discipline. Dreikurs’s writings were influenced by social psychologist Alfred Adler. The following are premises for a philosophy of life as conceived by Rudolf Dreikurs:

  • Man is inherently neither good nor bad. His social usefulness and personal efficiency depend on his individual training and development, on his own interpretation of his early experience, and on the life situations in which he is confronted. This postulation is however contrary to the concept of original sin, which is the tendency to sin innate in all human beings, held to be inherited from Adam in consequence of the Fall. The concept of original sin was developed in the writings of St. Augustine.
  • Man is not aware of his own individual strength and powers. He has intellectual, moral and creative capacities which he does not recognise and therefore cannot fully utilise.
  • Man can control his own actions. Emotions are not his master but his tools. He is motivated by his convictions, his attitudes and goals which he sets for himself, although he may not be aware of them nor realise their fallacies.
  • Man influences his own destiny without knowing it. He is aware more of what is done to him than what he does to himself and others.
  • Man’s greatest obstacle to full social participation and cooperation is an under estimation of his own strength and value. Educational methods and training procedures tend to instil false concepts and attitudes about oneself in comparison with others and cultural patterns fortify them.
  • Man’s greatest downfall is fear. Courage and belief in his own ability are the basis for all these virtues. Through his realisation of his own value, he can feel as if he belongs with others and he can be interested in others.
  • The basis of harmonious human relationships is respect for one’s own dignity, combined with respect for the rights and dignity of others. It precludes a settlement of human conflicts through force and appeasement. Social equilibrium is obtainable only to free agreement of equals in the spirit of democracy.
  • Man is the ruler in democracy. Therefore, every member of society is entitled to the same level of dignity and respect which is accorded to a sovereign. Fundamental human equality is not attracted by any individual incidental characteristics like race, religion, sex, age, social and economic position, education, physical or mental health and beauty, more real or intellectual development, skill or personal achievement. Any assumption of superiority or inferiority based on such incidental factors is arbitrary and fallacious.
  • Peace of mind and peace on earth can be achieved when man will abolish the superiority of one man over the other. This will also happen when each person’s value will be firmly established in his own mind as well as in the minds of his fellow men, and when no compensatory desire for prestige or power will set man against his fellow man. This implies that the basis of harmonious human relationships is respect for one’s own dignity, combined with respect for the rights and dignities of other. It precludes a settlement of human conflicts through force and appeasement. Social equilibrium is obtainable only through free agreement of equals in the speed of democracy.
  • We need each other’s constant help to maintain our vision of what we each could be. We also need this to fortify our good intentions and noble aspirations and to counteract the discouraging and demoralising experiences to which we are all exposed our daily living.
  • Man is behaviourally lukewarm. Man’s social importance and personality are dependent on his personal training as well as development. Additionally, it is also dependent on his own interpretation of his early experience.
Previous AGEING AND AGEING GRACEFULLY II
Next THE MENACE OF FALSE PROPHETS

No Comment

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.